Saturday, September 15, 2012 by Belle:) in


"There is no end to education. It is not that you read a book, pass an examination, and finish with education. The whole of life, from the moment you are born to the moment you die, is a process of learning."
                                                                                                                         -Jiddu Krishnamurti

Learning is a continuous process, dynamic and evolving! Learning involves helping people along the learning process, and learning includes all of the things that we do to make it happen in our own way and will. As an end result, we know that learning occurs when people take brand new information and incorporate it into their own life.  




  Educational blogs are blogs that are use for educational purposes. Educational blogging is a unique way of acquiring information through multimedia base. People publishing their own perspective for those people searching for more information to satisfy their curiosity to learn. 




         Educational Blogging is a internet based teaching where even a non- professional person can able to expressed his/her points and knowledge to educate other people. 









     Benefits of Educational blogging?                        


- Improvement of writing capacity


- Edublogging improve confidence of writers and readers.


- Edublogging grows emotional and social skills.


- Provide resources for the educator to find information related to their field and interest.



How does Educational blogging touches my Life??

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               Personally, When I was making my blog I had an hard time because I'm not a good writer but I had the artistic capability to make it more something  interesting to every people who would like to view my works. Through this experience I enhance my skills making paper works and as well as through computer base. Edublogging helps me to improve my personality in expressing my feelings when it comes to writing. Through educational blogging I learned to be more patient in searching and learning.   My imagination and perspective comes into my mind to make this simple thing to an extravagant hobby.

             Writing makes my life less stress because when I write I had the freedom to enjoy and life to the fullest. I do believe in the saying "A little learning is a dangerous thing, but we must take that risk because a little is as much as our biggest heads can hold". There's no harm in trying but be sure the consequences are beneficial.

               I was happy to see my last post that an international person commented on my works that was the first time someone commented and take not it was a great compliment. Because of that I was reinforced to excel, struggle and make it more interesting to others.

           Thank you our God for helping me to make my thoughts from piece to a masterpiece and for the Guidance. Thank you Ma'am Gaces for encouraging us to learn and excel in our own pathway. Learning is Retention!!:) 


Let's Tacle Toxicology
Saturday, July 14, 2012 by Belle:) in

“What is there that is not poison? All things are poison and nothing without poison. Solely the dose determines a thing is not a poison.” 

-Paracelsus 1500AD(from: philosophia magna  brickmann, cologne, 1567) 

Toxicology is a branch of science that deals with poisonous substance. Poisons are any substances that can harm an individual in either accident or intentional.  There are toxic substances like radiation that can cause harm to individual when exposed.

Toxicology is also the study of adverse effects of drugs. Since the same substance can be a drug or a poison, depending on the dosage.   All drugs or chemical can cause injury to all individuals if it goes over to the limitation of use. A drug has desired effect can be maintained if proper precautions is monitored. 


Toxicity is the measure of how harmful subastance is causing injury, illness or even death to living organism. 

They are factors affecting the toxicity the dose, age of individual, immune system, genetic makeup;  length and frequency of exposure  they have types of toxic agent that can cause harm to living organisms the Mutagen;which cause defects on DNA structures, Teratogens; chemicals can cause birth dis-formalities to fetus or embryo (e.g Alcohols), Carcinogens, which cause cancer and tumors leads to death.  

Trace amounts of chemicals in the environment may or may not be harmful. 
Toxicology can be studied in different fields. The environmental toxicology, forensic toxicology, industrial toxicology, clinical toxicology, descriptive toxicology, forensic toxicology, mechanistic toxicology and food toxicology.

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Environmental toxicology is concerned with the study of chemical substances that contaminate basic needs like water, food, and environment like soil or even the atmosphere. it focuses in toxic substances that could enter to water sources such as rivers, lakes, streams,  and oceans. does toxic substances could infect the living organism such as animals, plants and humans.

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Industrial toxicology also called as occupational toxicology, that focuses on protecting employee in their working fields. concerning with the health effects from exposure to toxic substances like chemicals around the workplace.   

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Food toxicology is the study concerning the adequate consumption of food. It involves ensuring the proper safety of food even during preparation to avoid any cause of illness or infection. Food is important for each individual consumption that will boost our energy and development. Some people who prepare food add on additives to it to improve taste, texture and even smell. but, does all additives are safe to humans and animals? 

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Clinical Toxicology deals with the study of illnesses and diseases that are associated to exposure to toxic substances like chemicals and radiations.

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Descriptive Toxicology deals with the study in animal experimentation.  Experimentation are use to determine what amount of chemicals that could cause harm to individuals.

Credit by Video explains how forensic toxicology works.

            Route of administration of drugs are important for the drugs to have the desired effectiveness. drug can be administered through systemic or locally. medication-administration should be considered. They are divided into two drugs the Enteral, Parenteral and inhalational.  Enteral drugs are drugs can be given oral, sublingual and rectal. Parenteral drugs Intravenous, Intramuscular, Subcutaneous, Intra-articular, Epidural and Intrathecal.

Photo Credit: Oral administration of drugs

             Oral drugs are in a form of liquid or solid dosage forms. They are most common, economical, safe, convenient and absorption is good due to extensive surface area. Some oral drugs are slow to action and absorption to have their desired effects. Irritable and unpalatable drugs can not be given. Not utilized in unconscious and uncooperative patients. 

Photo credit: Sublingual Administration of drugs

              Sublingual drugs are in a liquid or solid forms kept below the tongue for a short period of time for it to be absorbed in the oral mucosa (e.g calcibloc, drugs for hypertensive patients). It is economical, quick termination of undesired drug effects by spitting remaining drugs. Avoid the first pass effect.

Photo credit: Rectal Adimininstration of drugs

          Rectal administered drugs. They are also in a liquid and solid forms. route can be administered via rectum. It produce local or systemic effects. mostly administered to children and unconscious patients.Rectal drugs has higher therapeutic concentrations of drugs.

              Parenteral drugs are the fastest drug route of administration. They are rapid onset of action Drugs can be given to unconscious patients.Accuracy of dosage is ensured. First pass effect is avoided. Drugs producing gastric irritation can be given. Parenteral drugs that are not absorbed from Gastrointestinal tract. Drugs destroyed by gastric acid can be given can be given in presence of vomiting and diarrhea.Parenteral are less safe and produce side effects. They are  difficult to control, expensive, inconvenient and painful. Chances of nerve and blood  vessel damage. Danger of infection, if proper sterilization techniques are not used.

Photo credit: and Parenteral Drugs
          Intravenous drugs are drugs administered through vein. desired blood concentration of drugs is achieved quickly and can be maintained.   Intramuscular, drugs are injected in muscles especially in deltoid muscle and gluteus region. Subcutaneous, drugs are injected below the skin. Intrartecular, drugs are injected directly in the joints between spaces.  Intrathecal, drugs are administrated into the cerebrospinal fluid filled space surrounding the spinal cord. drugs are directed into the CNS. Lastly. epidural, drugs are injected into the space above the dura(e.g anasthetic).

Photo credit: Inhalational

                 Inhalational, drugs are gasses, volatile liquids and solids (in the form of finely divided powders) are inhaled for systemic and local effects. Rapid absorption of the drug due to large surface area. First pass effect is avoided.Rapid local effects. Only few drugs can be administered. may produce irritation of pulmonary mucosa and inconvenient procedure. It is also at risks chances of cardio toxicity. Systemic side effects may be produced due to rapid absorption of  drug. Drugs has poor ability to regulate dose

Ernest Hodgson: Textbook of Modern toxicology, 4th Edition
KD Tripathi: Essentials of Medical Pharmacology, 5th Edtion
            Thank you for reading, I hope you discovered what toxicology mean. It's a great worlds discovery. In this study we can understand what's within. Continue to read, support and explore my new post..:) Thank you one's again:)